Artificial intelligence is at the heart of India’s economic strategy, according to finance minister Arun Jaitley. As part of his budget speech for 2018-19, Jaitley recognised the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) to transform economies and the need for India to strategise its approach in order to maximise the benefits of the technology.
Following on from its examination of the effects of technology in the public sector last year, independent think tank Reform has released a report called Thinking on its own: AI in the NHS. It highlights the areas in which AI is currently deployed in the NHS, what its future uses can be, and what legal challenges need to be overcome to reach that destination.
Last year, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) released a report called Ethically Aligned Design, written with the purpose of advancing the discussion of how artificial intelligence and autonomous systems (AI/AS) can be aligned to moral values and ethical considerations that prioritise human wellbeing. The organisation opened it up to commentary and feedback from the public.
The IBA Global Employment Institute has released a report examining the impact of artificial intelligence and robots on the workplace, the new industrial revolution that has been named Industry 4.0. Among the wider global picture, several of the key findings directly relate to the legal world and the impact that robotics will have on the sector.
The working-age population – defined as those from 15 to 59 – fell for the first time in decades in 2012, according to official figures, and has declined ever since. It is expected to carry on falling until at least 2030. With the problem of an ageing population, China is expected to invest heavily in robots to supplement its workforce.
At the end of October a group of prestigious US universities collaborated on a document trying to put together a technical roadmap for Robotics in the US. Its central purpose is to update Congress on the state of the art in robotics and to help policymakers determine where to channel resources in order to realise robotics’ great promise as a technology. We summarise some of the main findings below.